Originating in Newfoundland, Canada, located on the northeastern shore of that country, the Newfoundland, affectionately nicknamed “Newfie,” shares a birthplace with the popular Labrador Retriever.

This dog breed is a cross between the Tibetan Mastiff and the now-extinct American Black Wolf.

The Newf is one of the world’s most beloved breeds, and history is rife with examples of their dedication to humankind.

These dogs are noble giants among the world’s biggest dogs, and acquiring a pet that could outweigh you comes with obvious challenges.

They are protective, known to put themselves physically between their family and any stranger.

A. Quick Facts:


Avg. Height: 28 inches (male), 26 inches (female)

Avg. Weight: 130-150 pounds (male), 100-120 pounds (female)

Life Expectancy: 9-10 years

Dog Group: Working Group

Colors: Gray, Brown, White, and Black

B. At A Glance:

Newfoundland dog
  • Size (5/5)

Males can stand 28 inches tall and weigh 130 to 150 pounds.

Females can stand 26 inches tall and weigh 100 to 120 pounds.

  • Affection Level (5/5)

Newfoundlands are highly affectionate dogs.

They like being involved in the family’s life. This breed isn’t considered as an aloof dog.

  • Apartment Friendly (1/5)

Newfoundlands are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don’t mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.

  • Cold Weather Tolerability (5/5)

This breed thrives in cool climates, though he can adapt to living in warmer climates.

  • Hot Weather Tolerability (2/5)

To protect him from heatstroke, keep him near air conditioning or fans when it’s really hot.

Adult Newfoundlands require more exercise to keep them in shape, but not in hot or humid weather for fear of overheating.

  • Barking Tendencies (4/5)

The Newfoundland rarely barks.

This dog could be a good choice if you’re looking for a quiet breed.

These dogs are not barkers but will show themselves to be watchful and willing to protect.

  • Cat-Friendly (5/5)

Newfoundlands are very cat-friendly dogs.

  • Dog-Friendly (4/5)

Newfoundlands are dog-friendly dogs.

If you want more dogs in your family or you’d like to join dog meetups, Newfoundland can be a great choice.

  • Exercise Needs (3/5)

Newfoundlands need at least a half-hour of moderate exercise daily to stay healthy and happy.

They are definitely meant to live indoors with their human family, but at the same time Newfs enjoy outdoor activities, especially swimming, and make great companions on long walks or hikes.

Swimming is an ideal form of exercise for a Newfoundland puppy because he works his muscles without the danger of injuring his joints.

  • Grooming Needs (2/5)

To keep the Newfoundland’s thick coat looking great, he requires grooming on a regular basis.

Everyday brushing of the dog’s coat is necessary to reduce shedding and at the same time, it’s time-consuming and requires grooming skills.

Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections.

Don’t skip the seasonal flea treatment too.

  • Playfulness (4/5)

Newfoundlands, like any other dog breed, like playing.

At times they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.

  • Trainability (5/5)

This dog has a strong work ethic, needs exercise, and mental stimulation.

Ongoing training, exercise, and dog sports are a perfect outlet for his working abilities.

They are also affectionate and trusting; they respond well to gentle guidance but don’t respond well to harsh corrections or training methods.

  • Intelligence (4/5)

These dogs were bred to do jobs that require decision making, intelligence, and concentration and hence they need a lot of exercise and playtime to keep their mental stimulation good.

  • Mouthiness (3/5)

Newfoundlands have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.

It’s a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior.

  • Price Group (3/5)

Newfoundland dogs cost around $1500-$2000.

C. About Newfoundland:

About Newfoundland

The Newf head is majestic, the expression soft and soulful.

The outer coat is flat and coarse.

This breed is a sweet-dispositioned that acts neither dull nor ill-tempered.

It is a large, heavily coated, well-balanced dog that is deep-bodied, heavily boned, muscular, and strong.

A Newfoundland dog named Brumus burnished his breed’s “nanny dog” reputation by helping Senator and Mrs. Robert F. Kennedy to look after their 11 children.

Although the Newf’s career as a seagoing deckhand is mostly a thing of the past, the breed is still considered the premium water-rescue dog and is employed in that role the world over.

D. Where Newfoundland Came From?

Where Newfoundland Came From

In 1802, when Lewis and Clark began their historic 8,000-mile trek across the American continent, a Newfoundland named Seaman was part of the expedition and he was useful as a hunter and guard.

Newfoundland is the result of many European breeds crossbred around the 15th and 16th centuries, among them the Pyrenean Sheep Dogs, Mastiffs, and Portuguese Water Dogs.

Canadian fishermen long relied on this breed as peerless shipboard working dogs who specialized in dramatic water rescues.

Newfs are born swimmers, complete with partially webbed feet, and strong enough to save a grown man from drowning.

E. Size:

 heavily boned Newfoundland

Standing at an average of 26 to 28 inches in height and weighing from 120 to 150 pounds, the powerful, heavily boned Newfoundland is strong enough to drag a drowning man from a turbulent sea.

This dog’s massive head is set atop, a thick and muscular neck, and a body both strong and broad in size.

F. Trainability:


At the early stage, the Newfoundland puppy is outgoing, intelligent, and curious—never timid, skittish, or aggressive.

Daily human contact is absolutely essential for any Newfie.

They are also affectionate and trusting; they respond well to gentle guidance but don’t respond well to harsh corrections or training methods.

G. Grooming:

Newfoundland’s heavy coat

The Newfoundland’s heavy coat requires thorough brushing at least once a week.

A thorough going-over with a slicker brush and a long-toothed comb will remove dead hair and prevent mats from forming.

These will become daily sessions during the shedding season, which generally occurs twice a year.

H. Common Diseases:

large-breed dogs
  • Hip Evaluation
  • Elbow Evaluation
  • Cardiac Exam
  • Cystinuria DNA Test


Elbow Dysplasia is a common inherited health issue among these large-breed dogs.

It’s thought to be caused by different growth rates of the three bones that make up the dog’s elbow, causing joint laxity.

Hip Dysplasia is medically termed as a hip socket that doesn’t fully cover the ball portion of the upper thigh bone.

This causes the hip joint to become partially or completely dislocated.


Gastric Torsion is commonly called bloat, this is a life-threatening condition that affects large, deep-chested dogs like Newfoundlands.

This especially happens if they’re fed one large meal a day, eat rapidly, or drink large amounts of water or exercise vigorously after eating.


S.A.S. refers to Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis, which is one of the most common heart malformations in dogs. 

In its mild form, there are a few nodes just under the aorta, barely affecting the flow of blood, and the quality of life for the dog remains optimistic. 

In its severe form, there is a fibrous wreath surrounding the vessel partially blocking the flow of blood.


A Cataract is a clouding of the lens inside the eye and is the most common cause of blindness in dogs.

It can be caused by injuries or diabetes, but most cataracts in dogs are inherited.

Cherry Eye, also called the third eyelid, present in the eyes of dogs is an eye disorder of the nictitating membrane (NM).

It occurs when the tear gland of the third eyelid begins to protrude and becomes a reddish mass.


Cystinuria: is an inherited disorder caused by an inability to reabsorb cystine, which is an amino acid, in the kidneys.

This results in kidney or bladder stones that cause blockage and urinary tract inflammation.

Epilepsy is a chronic condition that causes repeated seizures and is the most common chronic (long-term) neurological disorder in dogs.

I. Feeding:

high-quality dog food

The Newfoundland should do well on high-quality dog food.

The daily amount of 4 to 5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals is recommended.

The breed can experience bloat, a life-threatening condition where the stomach distends and twists.

The reasons behind bloating aren’t fully understood, but some vet experts agree that multiple small meals per day and preventing vigorous exercise.

J. Vaccination And Care:

dog needs regular activity

This dog needs regular activity, he’s no long-distance runner, but he’s a great swimmer.

You are supposed to take special care if you’re raising a Newfoundland puppy, this breed grows rapidly between the age of four and seven months, making him susceptible to bone disorders.

Leash training is a must with the Newfoundland, especially because he’s going to weigh more than 100 pounds when he’s full grown.

Separation anxiety, compared to most other breeds, Newfoundlands need a great deal of companionship and do not like being left alone for more than a few hours.

They tend to express their unhappiness through unpleasant behavior and destructive chewing.

Shedding is moderate among this breed of dogs, mostly the bulk of it occurs primarily in the spring and fall.

K. Monthly Expense Estimation:

Monthly Expense Estimation

Don’t forget about the treats.

Approximately around $80-100 per month for 1 dog, with a high-quality kibble, you’ll be feeding less because of its high quality and there’s a good chance you’ll have fewer health issues.

The most common health problems seen in Newfoundlands are joint issues, allergies that include skin issues and ear issues, and all of these can cost you a fortune.

The initial start-up for grooming of these dogs can be hefty and expensive including a lot of different tools.

L. Behavior with:


giant dog is highly tolerant of children

This cuddly giant dog is highly tolerant of children, which is important because he’s a kid magnet because of his size and wealth of soft fur.

The breed is watchful and trustworthy and tolerant of the behavior of children.

No matter what breed you own, you should always teach children how to approach and touch dogs, and always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children at the initial stage.


friendly with other pets

The Newfoundland is also easygoing and friendly with other pets.


including cats and small mammals

The Newfoundland is also easygoing and friendly with other pets, including cats and small mammals, as long as he is properly socialized and trained.

M. Overview:

Newfoundland breed

The Newfoundland breed is large enough to bring drowning victims ashore, their lung capacity enables long-distance swimming.

The specific ancestors of this breed still remain unknown, although it may be related to the Pyrenean mountain dogs that accompanied fishermen in the area back then.

This dog is particularly suited to the island of origin with a thick, heavy coat.

Although he is a superior water dog, Newfoundland has been used as a true working dog, pulling carts or carrying burdens as packhorse in the past.

If you can’t stand dog slobber, Newfoundland is not an option for you.

This breed tends to drool a lot.

N. Something Fun About:


I’m sure you remember Nana, the fictional Newfoundland employed as a nanny by the Darling family in Peter Pan?

He was first introduced to the public by Scottish novelist and playwright J. M. Barrie in his 1904 play, Peter Pan.

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