English Mastiff or simply ‘The Mastiff’ is a breed of dogs well renowned for their massive size and structure. The emphasis here, as you can see, is on ‘size’.
A face-off with an English Mastiff can be overwhelming for even a fully-grown man. No wonder he can outweigh any man easily.
But, before you jump into the conclusion of this dog breed being a guard-dog, listen up. English Mastiff is one of the most affectionate dogs. The sight of him jumping all over his parent with joy is a common sight.
We kid you not, but an English Mastiff drools a lot. You’re going to get used to keeping clothes for wiping him time and time again.
The Mastiffhas a history of fighting battles with other dogs. So, when the situation demands, he can be an excellent guard dog. The Mastiff is generally considered as a patient and gentle breed who takes some kind of training very easily. That means you don’t have to sweat a lot while training this four-legged canine.
There’s a lot of things to know about an English Mastiff. We sure can’t fit everything in one article. But, If you’re not bored until now and wanna know more, Keep scrolling!
With a wild history such as him, it’s no surprise that the Mastiff puppies possess a wild temperament.
The early age clumsiness might be a handful for some parents but it’s only temporary and will fade with age.
However, with proper training, the Mastiff can be converted into a more docile pet.
The puppies need early education to become a better-rounded dog in the future.
The English Mastiff age is maximum around 6-12 years which can be painfully short.
The looks of a Mastiff can be deceiving as he is a very docile adult dog who loves indoors and human companionship.
An adult Mastiff is a big dog. This massive size puts him in danger of obesity which needs to be taken care of by the parent.
A Mastiff is a breed that requires extra care from the parent, from grooming to cleanliness the list can be overwhelming for many people.
Dogisworld Facts: Did You Know? An English Mastiff dog named ‘Zorba’ got his name in the Guinness Book Of World Records for the heaviest dog ever recorded.
- Avg. Weight: 130 to 200 pounds or more.
- Avg. Height: Males – 30 inches Female – 27 inches.
- Life Expectancy: 6 to 10 years.
- Dog Group: Working Dogs.
- Colors: Coat background is fawn, apricot, or brindle.
At A Glance
- Size (4.5/5)
A male English Mastiff size is at a minimum height of 30 inches to his shoulders while a female is at about 27 inches. Usually, the English Mastiff weight is somewhere around 130 to 200 pounds.
- Affection Level (4/5)
A Mastiff is contagiously affectionate. He usually loves to spend time around people and will be a great hit with your kids in the house.
- Apartment-Friendly (2/5)
A Mastiff, if trained well can be docile with maturity. Spaces like Apartments can be a little too small for him, for which house-training is necessary.
- Cold Weather Tolerability (4/5)
A Mastiff has a straight outer-coat with a more dense undercoat. This gives him great protection against the cold temperatures.
- Hot Weather Tolerability (1/5)
With his enormous size, an English Mastiff can be susceptible to hot weather conditions. There are a number of ways of keeping your dog cool like keeping him in an air-conditioned room and keeping him hydrated.
- Barking Tendencies (2/5)
A Mastiff in an unknown presence can prove to be an excellent guard dog. The bark of a Mastiff is loud and will catch nearby attention in case of thievery or what not.
- Cat-Friendly (2/5)
A Mastiff can be friendly with other animals by giving proper training. Without the training, you’ll find yourself with a dog that is high-tempered and attacking other animals.
- Dog-Friendly (2/5)
In the presence of other dogs, a Mastiff has to be trained to keep control of his temper. Early socialization with other dogs will help your dog in this regard.
- Exercise Needs (4/5)
A daily exercise routine is necessary for your dog to be in shape. While exercising, you need to keep check of the weather as he is susceptible to hot conditions.
- Grooming Needs (3/5)
With his long double coat skin, a Mastiff needs care in the grooming department. You can do this by hiring a professional or by yourself but make sure you don’t hurt the skin while grooming.
- Playfulness (4/5)
A yard is where a Mastiff feels most at home. You can teach him a lot of play easily and it would greatly help him to be occupied and not be destructive.
- Trainability (3/5)
Easy training is advisable for a Mastiff. You don’t have to be too hard on him. This will only lead to damaging his temperament.
- Intelligence (2/5)
With a background of fighting, a Mastiff is not recommended for a new pet owner. There are specific training you need to teach him before he can be allowed near small kids, animals.
- Mouthiness (5/5)
A grown Mastiff drools, a lot. In the presence of an adult Mastiff, you’ll get used to keeping a cloth to clean when he drools all over the floor.
- Price Group (3/5)
An English Mastiff price would be around $300 with breeding costs goes to about $1500-$2000 in a year. Adopting a Mastiff can be a lot cheaper but be careful of the dog breeder you get it from.
“An English Mastiff eats a lot.” This is the main reason why his popularity declined sharply during the World War as food availability became very limited at that time.
About English Mastiff
An English Mastiff is a mixture of a docile dog and someone who’s courageous to know the outside world.
He’ll always welcome visiting family members and also shows his other side when a stranger comes at your place.
He needs regular exercises to be fit while at the same time would prefer resting on the sofa beside you.
Mastiff is a dog that comes with a lot of work. From grooming requirements to his massive size and required training, the list goes on.
Where English Mastiff Came From?
Mastiffs originated from an ancient type of dogs situated in Asian mountains named “molosser.”
These were mountainous dogs with a dominating body structure.
Gradually, these dogs moved to different parts of the world with various kingdoms and armies.
By the 1850s, their population shortened drastically due to cruel practices such as dog fighting, bear- baiting.
The breed came close to extinction during World War II due to massive food shortage across the whole of Europe.
Eventually, the breed was saved surprisingly, by two puppy Mastiffs that were brought from Canada to Europe.
An English Mastiff is truly gigantic when it comes to size and appearance.
A healthy, full-grown Mastiff can be up to a shoulder height of 30 inches.
The English Mastiff weight can be overwhelming also with a grown-up weighing around 200 pounds.
Your backyard will be one of the favorite places for your Mastiff.
The Mastiff certainly loves indoors more but that doesn’t mean he can’t be active outside of it.
Certainly, your Mastiff puppy will be quick to learn new things on the playground.
However, you have to be easy with him while training him. Being harsh will only make things worse for him.
A Mastiff comes with two layers of coats, Outer thin coat and an inside longer, thicker coat.
Grooming the Mastiff coat is to be done weekly with increasing the frequency to daily brushing when there is shedding season.
While grooming him, keep check of the ear and teeth conditions as it can be a perfect place for bacterial growth.
There can also be cases of skin rashes, irritation so you need to check his skin condition during the grooming as well.
Dogisworld Facts: In the 1850s, Mastiffs were largely occupied with fighting with bulls and cows. Their domestication occurred when animal fighting was declared illegal.
Targeting The Bones
- Hip and/or Elbow Dysplasia:
This situation occurs when either the hip or elbow grows enlarged.
This causes improper meeting with the socket leading to pain and movement difficulty.
Targeting The Eyes
The condition of eyelids rolling outwards.
The condition of one or both eyelids gets inverted or roll inward resulting in rubbing on the eye surface.
Targeting The Nervous System
Usually, it occurs due to many reasons with the main being trauma or epilepsy.
This is not fatal to the dog and he can live a long life while he’s prone to this condition.
Targeting The Body
This condition is similar to dogs getting kidney stones causing blockage of the bladder.
This can prove fatal if not treated in time.
- Gastric Torsion (Bloat):
This condition happens when a dog is given one large meal a day and he eats or drinks a lot rapidly.
It leads to swelling of the stomach causing low blood pressure.
This drives the dog to the state of shock and possibly death if not treated.
Dogisworld Facts: “An English Mastiff will have a lot of kids.” Usually, he gives birth to 12-13 offspring which may even exceed to 20-24 during his whole lifetime.
An English Mastiff needs to be fed at least two meals a day with one being in the morning and the other one at night.
For a commercial food item, check if the food content has 20 – 25% protein, 12 – 18% fat and 3 – 5% iodine.
Keep your Mastiff away from allergic foods.
Most common of these are chocolates, onions, and dairy products.
There are a number of food items toxic to your dog.
Be wary of them.
You should avoid feeding your dog with foods that contain preservatives, sweeteners or artificial coloring.
Break your treats. You should never give your dog an entire treat at once as there’s a serious chance of your dog becoming obese.
Vaccination and Care
There are a number of vaccines in the market for dogs.
We have divided them into two categories for ease of understanding.
- Core Vaccines
These vaccines are a necessity as they protect the dog from various terminal diseases such as:
- Canine distemper (+ measles)
- Non-Core Vaccines
These vaccines are optional (in general terms) for a Mastiff but could also provide resistance against some more terminal diseases.
- Corona virus
- Lyme disease
A Mastiff needs early caring in terms of socialization and training to lower his temper with time.
House training activities such as potty training would go a long way in making your Mastiff more house-friendly.
You should have close contact with your vet for any pet-related conditions and as to provide better care to your dog.
Monthly Expense Estimation
Firstly, the cost of getting a Mastiff from an adoption center will be around $300.
From a local breeder, the cost would incur in the range of about $1500-$2000 depending on the breeding.
The lifetime cost depends upon the breed and since Mastiff is a large dog, it will cost you high in food items.
There will be medical costs as well for routine checkups and everything adding to your monthly expense.
Dogisworld Facts: “An English Mastiff is Huge.” With a full healthy growth, the Mastiff can reach up to 30 inches in height and about 200 pounds in weight.
It is not advisable to keep smaller kids near your Mastiff as he can easily knock them down.
However, with proper training, he can be taught house manners and how to behave when there are smaller kids around.
Your Mastiff needs early socialization with other animals such as dogs, cats in order to get familiar with them.
Without such activities, you’ll end up with a dog that is particularly hostile to other animals.
Dogisworld Facts: English Mastiff is an excellent guard dog. With his loud bark and scary looks, you can rest assured that any stranger would find it difficult to trespass your property.
An English Mastiff is a large dog with an even bigger heart.
Sure he comes with his own difficulties but he definitely can become an integral part of your life and your family.
There’s no doubting the fact that it takes more effort from a parent to pet a Mastiff as compared to other dog breeds.
You should only get this breed if you genuinely care about him and not for the reasons like short life span or anything.
Something Fun About the English Mastiff!
A. Mastiff Puppies take the longest time to adult.
English Mastiff takes almost 3 years to become an adult dog which is much longer than most of the other breeds.
B. A Mastiff has the biggest litter.
That’s about right.
A female Mastiff once gave birth to 24 puppies, out of which 20 survived past the first week. It still holds that world record.
This was all about the English Mastiff from our corner.
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Do tell us how you feel about owning an English Mastiff?
Or, if you already have one at home, how’s it like?
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Happy Petting To You Guys!