Saint Bernard


Saint Bernard, also known as the ‘Alpine Mountain dog,’ was named after the hospice.

Saint Bernard dogs were originally bred for rescue missions during winter storms.

Like any dog, the Saint Bernard breed is loyal, willing to please and calm with everybody.

Saint Bernard’s temperament and personality is extraordinarily intelligent and patient.

If you want a pet, who could draw your attention to him, then this is the best-bud to be with.

Saint Bernard Facts

Weight: Male: (140-180 pounds), Female: (120-140 pounds)

Height: Male: (27-35 inches), Female: (25–31 inches)

Life Expectancy: 8-10 years

Dog Group: Mastiff, Working

Colors: Brownish-yellow, Red & White, Reddish-brown Brindle, Reddish-brown Splash, Reddish-brown Mantle

At A Glance

Size (5/5)

Saint Bernards are believed to be descended from the Mastiff family, these majestic giants weigh from 120-180 pounds, and their height goes from 25-35 inches in length.

Affection Level (5/5)

Saint Bernard is a very kind, gentle, and loving pet.

They are respectful, loyal, and easygoing pooches.

They mingle up with children easily. And therefore, these sweet giants make a great companion for the little ones.

Most Saint Bernards are calm and deal with strangers with utmost patience. However, a few restrict themselves from getting along or even tend to get suspicious.

Are they comfortable with cats and other dogs?

This pooch certainly maintains its cool with a lot of animals due to their low prey drive, yet some get extremely intolerant. It likely depends on St. Bernard’s socialization and training.

These amazing pooches are remarkably compassionate when it comes to sharing love and care.

Apartment Friendly (3/5)

The St. Bernard breed is a large-sized pooch. They are comparatively proactive at their tender age, which means faster growth.

At this point, this pooch needs more space to hop around; otherwise, this adorable munchkin would find it difficult to blend in a compressed environment.

However, this minor concern can be resolved by taking them for short daily walks.

But, here’s the thing… This is a large dog, so make sure you have enough stock to feed them.

Most importantly, they would always fancy a colder environment.

The final call is yours now; these poodles are less active indoors. However, they do need space, and a colder environment to fit in.

If your apartment is spacious enough, go for it; otherwise, you might want to think about it again.

Cold Weather Tolerability (5/5)

St. Bernards do better in cold weather conditions due to their thick, dense coat.

Hot Weather Tolerability (1/5)

They get very uncomfortable during Hot and Humid conditions. It is because of their dense coat. They need plenty of cold water and access to shade at such times.

Barking Tendencies (2/5)

These breeds don’t bark unless they detect any threat.

Cat-Friendly (4/5)

Saint Bernard dogs are calm and composed dogs and hence don’t mind a cat around them. Although their presence can make the cat a bit uncomfortable due to their size.

Dog-Friendly (4/5)

This pooch does not intentionally harm any cat unless they accidentally roll over them.

Saint Bernard is an even-tempered pooch; they are not aggressive but can accidentally pound over other small dogs.

Exercise Needs (2/5)

Saint Bernard is more active at a young age, they pump and jump high and low, so at this stage, the strenuous exercise would be best if avoided.

Otherwise, they might develop structural problems at the joints.

When grown-up enough, take them for regular walks or adventure would an amazing boredom-buster.

Grooming Needs (4/5)

These magnificent giants come in two variations: short-haired and long-haired, yet, these coats require the same grooming and care.

These pooches shed heavily(twice a year), and therefore, brushing becomes a daily activity. On regular days, brushing once a week is enough.

Playfulness (3/5)

Even though St. Bernard runs out of juice quickly, they’ve got a fantastic spirit of adventure.

These venturesome dogs love going out on adventures. If you’re the kind of a person who goes hiking often, these pooches are the best sidekicks to get along.

Trainability (3/5)

St. Bernards are easy to train. These cheerful pooches respond to their owners merrily. It takes minimum effort to train them.

Intelligence (4/5)

St. Bernard is a brilliant dog. They were initially bred as avalanche rescue dogs. It is believed that these dogs could detect a person buried under 20 feet of snow.

Mouthiness (5/5)

Saint Bernards are heavy droolers. They drool, they slobber (especially after drinking and eating) and, of course, they snore pretty bad.

It is because of the loose skin in the facial area around the jaw and the jowls.

So, ladies and gentlemen, get ready to carry a drool rag with you.

Price Group (3/5)

How much does St. Bernard cost?

A well-bred St. Bernard costs you anywhere, ranging from 1000$-1500$ (Possibilities of variation in pricing)

About Saint Bernards

Saint Bernard has a very strong, powerful, and imposing personality.

They have a massive skull; the muzzle is short.

They have a broad nose with fully open nostrils. Their lips are black. They have small eyes, a bit dark and shaded.

The neck is set high and firm.

They have broad and muscular shoulders. Withers are massive and powerful, structured firmly. Have a thick and dense coat.

Fully developed and muscular thighs and feet. The long tail is broad.

Where St. Bernards Came From?

The noble and brave Saint Bernards have been popularly known for their rescue missions for the past 200 years.

They were bred for rescue missions by the hospice of the Great St Bernard Pass on the Italian-Swiss border.

The story revolved around the 11th century when the Italian monk, Bernard de Menthon, founded a hospice and monastery on the snowy Italian-Swiss border (St. Bernard Pass) for helping and rescuing lost trekkers. 

It was in the 17th century when the monks acquired their first breeds of these dogs.

St. Bernards – descendants of the Mastiff family, were brought by the Romans to serve them as their watchdogs and companions.

The earliest portrayal evidencing the breed was, in the two paintings done by well-known Italian artist Salvatore Rosa in the 1690s.

And the earliest written records of the St. Bernard breed are available from the monks of the St. Bernard Hospice at St. Bernard Pass in the 1700s.

The Saint has gained its popularity through the folklores and tales of bravery and heroism.

However, the early breeds weren’t as humungous as Saint Bernards we know today.


Saint Bernard Size

Saint Bernard’s size is quite humungous and muscular.

The mighty pooch weighs from 120-180 pounds, and their height goes from 25-35 inches in length.


Saint Bernard Trainability

One requires lesser efforts training a St. Bernard when compared to other dogs and animals.

However, early socialization and training are recommended.

Obedience training should help the pooch to understand not to jump on people, knock into small children.

Speaking of their temperament… They are compassionate and willing to please, and therefore, they respond to their owner’s commands quickly.


These pooches require a moderate amount of grooming and care, whether short-haired or long-haired.

Brushing their coat once a week is enough to remove the excess hair, oil, and unwanted dirt.

St. Bernards shed heavily, twice, every year. That’s the only period when brushing would become a part of their daily routine.

One thing that you want to keep in mind is not to bathe them regularly. They have a thick, oily water-resistant coat, bathing them too often will remove their natural oils.

As a saint bernard parent, it is very important to understand bathing guidelines and not fall into the trap of the marketing gimmicks of companies selling dog grooming products.

Common Diseases

Saint Bernard Diseases


Hip Dysplasia:

Hip dysplasia is a hereditable condition in dogs that cause an abnormal formation of the hip socket.

Some dogs exhibit pain or lameness at such times. This is a hereditary characteristic that is affected by environmental factors. It is common in many dog breeds.

Elbow dysplasia:

Another hereditary condition which involves multiple growths of abnormalities of elbow-joint in the dog.

Elbow dysplasia is a common condition in dogs today.


St. Bernards have sensitive skin and can be easily prone to common skin issues such as rashes, bruises, and inflammations.



It is a condition in which the eyelid folds inward. It is very uncomfortable, as the eyelashes continuously penetrating against the cornea. Genetic factors could be one of the causes of this condition.


Feeding Saint Bernard

Saint Bernards do well on high-quality dog food. Including protein-rich food in its diet like lean meat, red meat bones, liver, eggs, bananas, and boiled green vegetables should be great.

Bones could be an ideal snack for this Saint!

These poodles are prone to obesity; it is, therefore, our responsibility to be careful towards their calorie consumption and keep track of their diet.

We do not want them to fall sick and hence an in-depth knowledge of what do dogs eat? will help you pick what is right for your saint bernard.

Vaccination And Care

Irrespective of their size, The Saints are prone to extreme diseases and sickness. These are the list of essential vaccines for the Saints.


Distemper is a viral infection that affects several organs of a canine’s body, such as the brain, respiratory systems, intestines, and spinal cord.

Common symptoms include:

• Difficulty in breathing

• Slothfulness

• Loss of appetite

• Coughing

• Vomiting

• Diarrhea

• High fever

• Eye inflammation


Leptospirosis is a dangerous infection that causes illness in dogs.

Initial symptoms include:

• Fever

• Lethargy

• Lack of appetite

If not treated early, it can cause several life-threatening illnesses that can severely harm kidneys, liver, brains, lungs, and heart.


Hepatitis is a deadly virus that is highly contagious in dogs; even a minor fever is a symptom taken into account. Deficiency of blood clot and reduction of white blood cells are significant issues caused. If untreated, this can be life-threatening.


Parainfluenza is a respiratory virus. It can be one of the causes of kennel cough in dogs

Symptoms include:

• Dry cough

• Fever and high temperature

• A runny nose

• Sneezing

• Eye inflammation

• Depression, laziness, and loss of appetite


Parvo is transmitted through an infected dog’s hair or feet. This one of the many reasons for a dog’s death.

Dogs under 12 months of age are more prone to this virus.

Symptoms include:

• Depression

• Vomiting

• Fever

• Loss of appetite

• Bloody diarrhea


Coronavirus infection is a contagious infection of dogs that attacks the intestinal tract. The disease is spread from one dog to another dog through contact with feces.

The vaccination timeline should look like this:

6-8 weeks: Distemper, Leptospirosis, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, Parvo, and Coronavirus (DHLPPC).

10-12 weeks: Second DHLPPC.

14-16 weeks: Third DHLPPC and rabies.

Annually: DHLPPC and rabies booster.

Monthly Expense Estimation

The average estimated monthly is expected to range from $60- $100.


  • Children:

 These poodles are remarkably tolerant of kids. They love and care for them like any parent. Nevertheless, be careful, because they may accidentally pound over your Lil ones.

  • Dogs:

They usually associate with other dog breeds. They keep their calm.

  • Cats:

Saint Bernards are the ‘Gentlemen of dogs.’ They aren’t aggressive or dominant when it comes to dealing with cats. These guys play cool. But it is still a plus point if they are raised together, it becomes easier.


Originated in the Swiss Alps, back in the 17th century, Saint Bernard is the best at his loyalty and companionship.

They are one of the calmest and relaxed pooches you’ll ever come across.

These dogs are very affectionate and are also comfortable with strangers, dogs, and cats.

Early socialization and training are significant factors for these poodles.

These are natural giants, which is why they need some extra space to hop and play.

They are very intelligent and easy to train and hence respond to their owner’s commands quickly

They have a great taste for adventure.

Like any giant breed, this one is prone to dangerous infections, hence vaccination is necessary to void any troubles.

These pooches are like teddy bears. You’ll fall in love with them instantly.

Something Fun About St. Bernards!

Had the ability to sense avalanches approaching and also could find victims buried 20 feet under the snow.

Over the span of 200 years, it is said that St. Bernards have saved over 2000 lives.

These breeds never had any specific training for rescuing; it was a natural blaze. And younger dogs would learn the search and rescue operations from older dogs.

Hundreds of Saint Bernards featured in the movie Beethoven’s 2nd.

These pooches are excellent at dog sports such as drafting (pulling a cart), weight-pulling, and obedience trials.

This was all about Saint Bernard.

Let us know about your thoughts in our comment section!

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  1. My 2 and a half year old male has been socialized, obedience school and public parks since he was 8 weeks old, also raised with 4 cats. He does not tolerate the cats at all and is not tolerant of other dogs, except family dogs, perfect with kids. Does not tolerate people coming over unless on his leash and not close. His 9 month old sister is perfectly behaved. I keep trying though

    • Hi Linda!
      I understand what you are saying.
      If you think this is a high time you may consult a professional trainer and understand what exactly is going on with your male Saint Bernard.


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