Havanese

2
Havanese

Havanese is one of the cutest dogs you would find in the canine kingdom.

These are small sized dogs with moderately long and silky flowing fur coat.

These dogs love being around people and kids, especially the one they are most attached to.

They are also called “Velcro dogs” due to their tendency of sticking to their favorite person and following them everywhere.

These dogs are also referred to as ‘Havana silk dogs’.

Their playful and lively nature adds a sparkling vibe to their owner’s home.

1. Quick Facts:

Avg. Weight: 7 – 13 pounds

Avg. Height: 8 – 12 inches

Life Expectancy: 14-16 years

Dog Group: Toy Group

Colors: Black, White, Havana Brown, Tobacco, Fawn, Mahogany

Rank: 24/193

2. At A Glance:

At A Glance
  • Size (2/5)

Havanese can grow up to 12 inches in height and 13 lbs in weight.

It depends on their genes, food intake, exercise and also the gender.

  • Affection Level (5/5)
Affection Level

Havanese temperament is mostly lively and loving.

It is a very affectionate breed which also loves its owner’s attention.

It mostly always gets along well.

A Havanese puppy should be raised in a good social environment as being alone a lot can make the pooch aloof and reserved.

  • Apartment Friendly (5/5)
Apartment Friendly

Yes, it is an apartment friendly dog.

Not that it is any less active but its small size and low needs for exercise make it very easy going for an apartment household.

It is also not a yapping kind which barks for no reason and so it can be comfortable and non-disturbing for the neighbors.

  • Cold Weather Tolerability (3/5)

Due to its moderately long fur coat which acts as an insulator, some amount of cold is bearable to this breed.

But, still as a responsible owner, you should keep your little pooch inside the warmth of your home and make it wear a warm coat when going out for a play or walk.

Also this breed doesn’t have an undercoat so it cannot last long outside in low temperatures.

  • Hot Weather Tolerability (4/5)

Many might think that having a long fur coat can make it harder for the dog to tolerate heat but that’s not the case.

Long fur coats also act as an insulator to heat and keep the dog comparatively cool.

Havanese can take the heat better than the cold.

But that doesn’t mean you can keep the dog out for long.

Always take preventive steps to keep your dog away from health-related problems.

  • Barking Tendencies (2/5)

Havanese is not a chatter box of a dog.

It doesn’t bark for no reason.

It mostly gets yappy at unfamiliar faces to alert its owner and once the owner acknowledges the stranger, it stops barking.

  • Cat Friendly (5/5)

This breed is one among the breed of dogs that gets along very well with cats.

It has a very playful and friendly nature towards cats giving your house cat a good pal.

There can be few individuals who might be aloof but that makes them reserved towards all, let alone cats.

  • Dog Friendly (5/5)

Havanese get along well with most of the animals due to their enormously loving nature.

They do well with other dogs and can show signs of rejoice when in a company of one.

  • Exercise Needs (3/5)

This breed needs comparatively less exercising to be satisfied and calm indoors.

But it does need regular exercise to stay fit and healthy.

Although it has low needs for exercising, it is a very active dog and can perform a lot of stunts if trained to do so.

This breed is common in circuses and various dog shows for agility and performing stunts.

  •  Grooming Needs (1/5)

It can be a little difficult to groom these dogs due to their moderately long and silky fur coat which require a lot of care.

Brush it daily by spraying mist over its coat part by part and then brush it with a suitable comb.

It doesn’t shed much or in some cases not at all, but to keep it tidy and clean it needs to be routinely groomed.

  •  Playfulness (5/5)

It is an overwhelmingly playful breed and as it gets along with all, it keeps the home spirited up.

It is a very outgoing breed and never really aggressive, rather always welcoming to other dogs, children, neighbors, and others.

  •  Trainability (3/5)

These dogs are very intelligent and cooperative in nature which makes them flexible for training.

But these dogs can give you a little hard time getting housetrained.

Familiarizing it with the routines and etiquettes of the household may require some time.

Havanese puppies should be taken care of and housetrained since the start with positive motivation and patience.

  •  Intelligence (4/5)

Havanese is fairly intelligent among the dog breeds and can be trained in many areas including entertainment.

These dogs get their human companion’s intentions and act on it.

  •  Mouthiness (3/5)

It is a common trait of a dog to chew, nip and give a painless bite to its human companion and family members.

But, it is something that should be moderately expected from havanese breed.

You should get your dog some treat filled chew toys to take all its mouthing energy on so that it leaves your curtains and furniture in shape.

  •  Price Group (3/5)

Havanese dog price is around $1000 – $1500 depending on how much purebred the puppy is.

Its cost also depends upon the popularity or rarity in one area or city.

Try to find good havanese breeders in your city and know the current price of a havanese.

FACT-ILICIOUS: “The breed came close to extinction in the ‘50s and ‘60s however three families who left Cuba for the US, built the breed back up and it was ultimately recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1996.”

C. About Havanese:

About Havanese

Havanese is a very vibrant and happy dog breed that lights up the house due to its playful nature and great temper.

This breed is the national dog of Cuba.

These dogs are longer in length than in height.

Their tail rests on their back and they have a long or moderately long and silky fur coat.

These dogs require a little more time with their owner’s than other dogs.

Being with a human keeps them lively but if kept away every day for long, these dogs can grow aloof.

Havanese can learn a lot of tricks and so this breed is also seen in circuses performing alongside the artists.

These dogs are loyal to their family but may pick a favorite in the family making others feel a little left out.

They are cute, little and can cuddle in a way that makes you forget your bad day.

D. Where Did The Havanese Come From?

Where Did The Havanese Come From

The Havanese is a native breed of Cuba and also their national dog.

This breed has been developed from a little white dog of Havana called the Blanquito de la Habana, which is now extinct.

It is said to be a part of the Bichon family of dogs that originated from Spain’s Tenerife which is the largest island and part of the 7 Canary Islands.

These dogs were listed as passengers and brought to Cuba through ships.

When the Cuban revolution took place some of the upper-class Cubans fled to America and only a few of them were able to carry these dogs there.

These dogs weren’t recognized until the late 20th century after the Americans started taking a keen interest in these little dogs which were pretty rare.

The AKC (American Kennel Club) finally gave this breed recognition in 1996.

And soon this breed started to be seen as a commoner in various households.

Its happy and lively nature made it one among the best breeds to have as a lovely companion.

E. Size:

Size

Havanese falls under the category of toy dogs and so its size doesn’t grow much, making it a cute little pooch.

It can grow up to as big as 12 inches in height and 13 lbs in weight.

Size of any dog depends on basically 4 factors and those are its genes, gender, food intake, and exercise.

Being oversized can create a lot of health problems in the long run and so you should always maintain your dog’s shape.

F. Trainability:

Trainability

This cute pooch is pretty intelligent, which eases the owner a little on its training part.

It can take time in some parts of the training but staying adamant as an owner and having consistency can make it learn.

Do not go hard on this little cutie unless needed but also do not let its cute face make you go easy on it.

You need to know when to be hard on your dog and when not to.

Going too easy can make it ill-mannered with time and going too hard can make it anxious and aloof.

Start training a Havanese puppy after it is over 3 or 4 months old, before that trying to give it basic house training is good.

G. Grooming:

Grooming

Havanese have to be taken care of in case of grooming as these aren’t rough and tough dogs that can stay clean for long.

It is due to their long and silky fur coat, which needs maintenance.

Havanese should be bathed once in a week or two and brushed fully 3 times a week.

As these dogs have a long and furry coat, many might think “do Havanese shed?”

The good news is that these dogs shed minimally or not at all.

To keep the coat tidy and groomed, apply some mist of water to it before brushing.

You can also add a conditioner to the water before applying the mist.

Give your dog a trim as it is not necessary to keep the coat long.

The longer the coat the higher the grooming needs.

H. Feeding:

Feeding

On average, a ten-pound dog needs to consume 405 calories per day but due to the fact that Havanese is pretty active, a growing Havanese of 6 pounds needs to consume 460 calories per day.

It needs to be fed a proper protein based diet, always try to give your dog everything in the right proportion and fulfill its dietary requirements.

You can also feed your little pooch fruits and always try not to run out of treats that it likes.

Never over pamper your dog in case of feeding as it can make it overweight or obese.

You can feed it with high-quality commercial dog food but also feed it natural foods like browns rice, chicken meat and bone, eggs, potatoes, bananas, and green vegetables like broccoli and beans.

What To Feed What Not To Feed
Carrot Grapes & Raisins
Peanut Butter Chocolates
Salmon Onions
Egg Garlic
Blueberries Coffee & Tea
Chicken Lemon & lime
Pineapple Dough

I. Common Diseases:

Common Diseases

Targeting The Bones

  • Legg-Calve-Perthes:

Legg-Calve–Perthes or LCP is a disease that affects the hip joint and is commonly found in small dogs.

It occurs mostly at the age of 10 to 12 months.

Due to less supply of blood in the ball part of the hip joint, the joint gets damaged

It can make the dog limp out of pain and can also lead to arthritis.

It can be scanned through x-ray.

It can be treated through physical therapy but in extreme cases, a surgery has to be performed.

Most dogs do well after surgery.

  • Chondrodysplasia:

Also known as chondrodysplasia puntata or CD, this disease leads to dwarfism, the asymmetric structure, and crooked limbs.

When a dog is born, most of the bones are cartilage and are then replaced by bones. Irregularity in this process is found in dogs that have this condition.

It can be diagnosed through x-ray and if it is diagnosed earlier than 1 year of dog’s age, then there is a high chance of it getting recovered by surgery as the bones are still under the process of development.

Targeting The Eyes

  • Cherry Eyes:

Cherry eye or prolapsed gland of the third eyelid is an occasional swelling of the eye gland due to disposition.

This causes the eye to get red.

This has no known cause yet and can be cured by injecting anti-inflammatories or by surgically removing the tissue.

  • Cataracts:

It is a common eye disease in old dogs and can take away a pooch’s sight completely.

When it develops you can see the lens of the eye getting cloudy day by day.

It can be operated and the sight can be restored.

Targeting The Body

  • Deafness:

Hearing problem is common in Havanese.

It can be either unilaterally or bilaterally deaf.

This is determined by the BAER (brainstem auditory evoked response) test for canine deafness.

The dogs that are bilaterally or unilaterally deaf shouldn’t be allowed to breed as it is somewhat hereditary and can lead to a deaf litter.

  • Liver Shunt:

The liver is an important organ that helps in cleansing the blood by taking off the toxins present in it.

These toxins are a by-product of protein digestion from the blood.

When the blood carrying such toxins bypasses the liver and goes directly to the heart, a liver shunt occurs.

This increases the ammonia level in blood and causes loss of appetite, lethargy, blindness, seizures, and coma.

Visit a vet if your dog shows signs of lethargy, weakness, depression, and recurring seizures as it can be due to a liver shunt.

A special diet can help in countering a liver shunt and in some cases surgery may be required.

J. Vaccination And Care:

Vaccination And Care

Look into your dog’s health history and in case of a pup, look into the health history of its parents for any genetic disease or hereditary condition.

Make sure you get your puppy from a reputed breeder.

Look into its hygiene and cleanliness every day, do your best to keep your dog tidy and this would prevent it from catching a lot of infections.

Take your dog out for a walk or to play and feed it with nutritional food.

Refrain from overfeeding your dog as that would help maintain your dog’s shape and prevent obesity.

This would help in extending your dog’s lifetime.

Vaccines against distemper, parvovirus, hepatitis, parainfluenza, leptospirosis, and rabies are an absolute necessity and should not be skipped.

These shots are mandatory in America.

FACT-ILICIOUS: “Havanese have a literal spring to their step. They have a naturally bouncy gait that is unique to the breed, almost like bunnies. They even hop!”

K. Monthly Expense Estimation:

Havanese cost can vary from place to place depending on their rarity or popularity.

They generally cost around $1000 – $1500.

It also depends on the coat color of preference.

For example, a black Havanese might cost more than the white one.

Havanese can be a little above the average mark of expenditure on pets per month as they have some good grooming needs.

It can cost you $65- $75 per month to take complete care of your little pooch.

L. Behavior With:

  • Children:
Behavior With Children

Havanese have a great behavior with kids.

These dogs are affectionate, playful and have an even temper.

They are always up for a play with kids.

These dogs don’t take time in getting along with even the new unfamiliar kids.

  • Dogs:
Behavior With Dogs

There is nothing that can give a dog a better play buddy than another dog as they share the same level of energy and enthusiasm.

These dogs love to get in the company of other canines and are also quick in making new doggo friends.

It may show aggression as reaction to other dogs aggression or ill behavior.

It can be reserved only if not given the proper socializing space while growing up.

  • Cats:
Behavior With Cats

Havanese is one among the breeds that do well in getting along with cats.

You will find a Havanese overwhelmingly affectionate and protective towards its cat friend.

These dogs blend well with mostly all and so it is one of the cutest and best breeds to have as a home pet.

M. Overview:

Havanese is a small sized pooch and is one of the cutest breeds to bring to your household.

Its loving nature and good temperament make it a very suitable pet for a lovely household.

Its sparkly eyes and happy vibes light up the atmosphere of a house.

This breed is also the national dog of Cuba, which was brought there from Spain’s Canary Islands.

These were brought to America by the upper-class Cubans at the time of the Cuban revolution.

They blend well with all, that is, kids, family members, neighbors, cats and other dogs.

They have a little heavy need for grooming but though they have a long fur coat, they rarely shed.

These dogs are pretty much understanding and fairly trainable.

They can learn a lot of tricks and are common to be seen in circuses as well.

These are also called the ‘Velcro dogs’ as they pick a favorite in the house and like to stick with him or her where ever they may go.

So if you want a cute small dog with sparkly vibes and are ready to devout your time to it then Havanese is the perfect dog for you.

Havanese or Maltese, what do you prefer?

What’s the basic difference between them?

Write it up in the comment section below and let us know what you think.

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